FOREST HILL TUTORING AND ACADEMY Courses Descriptions and Fees - Toronto, Ontario
FOREST HILL TUTORING & ACADEMY
where every student learns to succeed�

Telephone: (416) 483-6023
Fax : (416) 483-6107
E-mail: foresthilltutoring@on.aibn.com
Website: www.foresthilltutoring.com

Ontario Ministry of Education Credit Courses

Forest Hill Academy currently offers credit courses in the following curriculum areas:

Fee Structure:

$3300 for individual instruction (110 hours)
$2200 for 2-3 students (110 hours)

Business Studies

Introduction to Business, Grade 9 or 10, Open

Course Code: BBI1O, BBI2O

Prerequisite: None

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.

Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: BAF3M

Prerequisite: None

This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and procedures of accounting. Students will develop financial analysis and decision-making skills that will assist them in future studies and/or career opportunities in business. Students will acquire an understanding of accounting for a service and a merchandising business, computerized accounting, financial analysis, and ethics and current issues in accounting.

Financial Accounting Principles, Grade 12, University/College Preparation

Course Code: BAT4M

Prerequisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students� knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduces accounting for partnerships and corporations.

Canadian and World Studies

Career Studies, Grade 10, Open

Course Code: GLC2O

Prerequisite: None

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10, Open

Course Code: CHV2O

Prerequisite: None

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today�s world and of personal interest to them.

Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic

Course Code: CHC2D

Prerequisite: None

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada�s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

American History, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: CHA3U

Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course traces the social, economic, and political development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Students will explore the historical context of key developments that shaped the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating forces in American history.

World History to the End of the Fifteenth Century, Grade 11, University/ College Preparation

Course Code: CHW3M

Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course explores the history of various societies around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will examine life in and the legacy of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world, including those in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras.

Canada: History, Identity and Culture, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CHI4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course traces the history of Canada, with a focus on the evolution of our national identity and culture. Students will explore various developments and events, both national and international, from precontact to the present, and will examine various communities in Canada and how they have contributed to the development of Canadian identity and heritage. Students will develop their sense of Canada�s national identity and how and why it has changed throughout the country�s history. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate the people, events, and forces that have shaped Canada.

World History since the Fifteenth Century , Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CHY4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450 CE. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history.

Understanding Canadian Law, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CLU3M

Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will use case studies and apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process to develop legal reasoning skills and to formulate and communicate informed interpretations of legal issues, and they will develop the ability to advocate for new laws.

Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CLN4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop their understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law when exploring rights and freedoms within the context of topics such as religion, security, cyberspace, immigration, crimes against humanity, and environmental protection. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal inquiry process when investigating these issues in both Canadian and international contexts, and they will develop legal reasoning skills and an understanding of conflict resolution in the area of international law.

Canadian and World Politics, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CPW4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision-making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including different levels of government, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to influence domestic and international developments. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate current political policies, issues, and events, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them.

Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic

Course Code: CGC1D

Prerequisite: None

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada�s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live

Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CGF3M

Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course examines Earth�s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters. Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth�s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth�s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/or respond to them.

Regional Geography, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CGD3M

Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course explores interactions between the land and people in a selected region and its interconnections with other regions of the world. Students will explore geographic issues related to the region�s environmental, economic, and social/cultural characteristics, including resource sustainability, import/export interrelationships, and living conditions. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate current regional patterns and trends and to predict future directions for the region and its partnerships. Note: This course is developed and delivered with a focus, to be determined by the school, on the geography of a selected region or country of the world.

World Issues: A Geographic Analysis, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CGW4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course looks at the global challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine governmental policies related to these issues. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world.

World Geography: Urban Patterns and Population Issues, Grade 12, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CGU4M

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course explores global population distribution, why people live where they do, and variations in their quality of life. Students will examine current population patterns and trends related to urbanization and their impact on human and natural systems. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate issues related to urban life and will propose courses of action aimed at enhancing the sustainability of cities around the world.

The Environment and Resource Management, Grade 12, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CGR4M

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems. Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols. Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environmentally responsible actions that support stewardship.

The Individual and the Economy, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: CIE3M

Prerequisite: Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course explores challenges facing the Canadian economy as well as the implications of various responses to these challenges. Students will explore the economic role of business, labour, and government, as well as their own role as individual consumers and contributors, and how all of these influence stability and variability in the Canadian economy. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate the impact of economic decisions.

Analysing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: CIA4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

This course examines current national and global economic trends and policies from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the impact of choices that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in responding to local, national, and global economic issues such as globalization and global economic inequalities, trade agreements, national debt, taxation, social spending, and consumer debt. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, current economic issues and to help them make reasoned economic decisions.

Classical and International Languages

International Languages, Level 1, Academic

Course Code: LBAAD-LDOAD

Prerequisite: None

This introductory course is designed to enable students to begin to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading and writing in the language of study. Students will participate in interactive activities in which they can apply their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including formal and informal forms of address, naming practices, family life and relationships, and celebrations.

International Languages, Level 2, Academic

Course Code: LBABD-LDOBD

Prerequisite: International Languages, Level 1, Academic

This course enables students to develop competence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in the language of study. Students will continue to participate in interactive activities in which they can apply and develop their language skills to communicate with native speakers of the language. They will explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including social customs, food, sports and leisure activities, popular festivals, and music. Although students will expand their vocabulary and knowledge of linguistic elements, the language they will use at this level will still be simple.

International Languages, Level 3, University Preparation

Course Code: LBACU-LDOCU

Prerequisite: International Languages, Level 2, Academic

This course offers students opportunities to further develop competence and confidence in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in the language of study. Students will participate in interactive activities (e.g., discussions about literature, travel, shopping) in which they will further develop their knowledge of linguistic elements. They will continue to explore aspects of culture in regions of the world where the language is spoken, including fashion, historical figures, art, and architecture. Students will enhance their critical and creative thinking skills through reading diverse materials, including original literature, and will explore a variety of personal and professional contexts in which knowledge of the international language is required.

International Languages, Level 4, University Preparation

Course Code: LBADU-LDODU

Prerequisite: International Languages, Level 3, University Preparation

This course prepares students for postsecondary studies in the international language being studied. Students will continue to refine and enhance their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in the language, with the goal of using these communication skills in a variety of personal, academic, and professional contexts. Using a wide variety of sources, including original texts in the language, students will consolidate their language skills as they use increasingly complex linguistic elements and language conventions. Students will also have opportunities to enrich their knowledge of aspects of culture in regions where the language is spoken, including issues related to popular culture, linguistic communities in Canada, literature, history, geography, and the arts.

Please note that Forest Hill Academy offers courses in the following international languages:

  • German
  • Italian
  • Spanish

Classical Languages - Ancient Greek/Latin, Level 1, Academic

Course Code: LVGAD/LVLAD

Prerequisite: None

This course introduces students to the achievements of the Classical world through the study of Latin or ancient Greek. Students will learn vocabulary and grammar essential for reading and translating adapted Classical texts. Although English is the language of instruction, students will develop language skills that will enable them to speak and read aloud in the Classical language at a beginner�s level. Through a variety of activities, students will explore such aspects of life in the ancient world as trade, commerce, education, entertainment, and social customs. In addition, students will enhance their literacy skills through language study, and will make connections across the curriculum between the Classical world and the world around them.

Classical Languages � Ancient Greek/Latin, Level 2, University Preparation

Course Code: LVGBU/LVLBU

Prerequisite: Classical Languages, Level 1, Academic

This course provides students with opportunities to continue their exploration of the achievements of the Classical world through the study of Latin or ancient Greek. Students will continue to expand their vocabulary and refine their grammatical knowledge by reading and translating more complex adapted selections in the Classical language. Although English is the language of instruction, students will further improve their ability to speak the Classical language. Students will explore such diverse aspects of Classical culture as science and technology, geography and the environment, religion, and social customs, while developing their ability to think critically and make connections across the curriculum between the Classical world and the world around them.

Classical Languages � Ancient Greek/Latin, Level 3, University Preparation

Course Code: LVGCU/LVLCU

Prerequisite: Classical Languages, Level 2, University Preparation

This course provides students with opportunities to further develop their knowledge of the rich cultural legacy of the Classical world through the study of Latin or ancient Greek. Students will continue to increase their vocabulary and consolidate their grammatical knowledge by reading and translating a broad selection of adapted and original Classical texts. Although English is the language of instruction, students will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and speaking the Classical language. Students will engage in a variety of activities to strengthen their literacy and research skills and to enhance their ability to make connections between the Classical world and other societies.

Classical Civilization, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: LVV4U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course introduces students to the rich cultural legacy of the Classical world and encourages them to make connections between antiquity and other societies and to their own personal experiences. Students will investigate such aspects of Classical culture as its mythology and literature, art, architecture, philosophy, science, and technology, as well as elements of the ancient Greek and Latin languages. By reading Classical authors in English translation and examining material culture brought to light through archaeology, students will enhance both their communication skills and their ability to think critically and creatively. In addition, they will be encouraged to be culturally sensitive, independent learners who appreciate the interconnectedness of ancient and modern societies and who will be able to apply this understanding to their future endeavours.

English

English, Grade 9, Academic

Course Code: ENG1D

Prerequisite: None

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

English, Grade 9, Applied

Course Code: ENG1P

Prerequisite: None

This course is intended to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students� comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college or workplace courses in Grades 11 and 12.

English, Grade 10, Academic

Course Code: ENG2D

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.

English, Grade 10, Applied

Course Code: ENG2P

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will study and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on the consolidation of strategies and processes that help students interpret texts and communicate clearly and effectively. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 college or workplace preparation course.

English, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: ENG3U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.

English, Grade 11, College Preparation

Course Code: ENG3C

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Applied

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will study the content, form, and style of a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from Canada and other countries, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 college preparation course.

English, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: ENG4U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.

Studies in Literature, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: ETS4U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course is for students with a special interest in literature and literary criticism. The course may focus on themes, genres, time periods, or countries. Students will analyse a range of forms and stylistic elements of literary texts and respond personally, critically, and creatively to them. They will also assess critical interpretations, write analytical essays, and complete an independent study project.

The Writer�s Craft, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: EWC4U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course, Grade 12, Open

Course Code: OLC4O

Prerequisite: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take this course. (Students who have already met the literacy requirement for graduation may be eligible to take the course under special circumstances, at the discretion of the principal.)

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.

French As a Second Language

Core French, Grade 9, Academic

Course Code: FSF1D

Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will continue to develop language knowledge and skills by using language-learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Core French, Grade 10, Academic

Course Code: FSF2D

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will continue to develop their language knowledge and skills through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will continue to develop the skills necessary to become life-long language learners.

Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: FSF3U

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 10, Academic

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their creative and critical-thinking skills through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will continue to broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Core French, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: FSF4U

Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will apply language-learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and will continue to develop their creative and critical-thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. Students will also continue to enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities and to develop the skills necessary for life-long language learning.

Mathematics

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic

Course Code: MPM1D

Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied

Course Code: MFM1P

Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

Course Code: MPM2D

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

Course Code: MFM2P

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9 Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right angles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures.

Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: MCR3U

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students� experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions.

Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: MCF3M

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students� experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications.

Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: MHF4U

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation

This course extends students� experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: MDM4U

Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

This course broadens students� understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: MCV4U

Prerequisite: Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation (taken prior to or concurrently with MCV4U)

This course builds on students� previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

Science

Science, Grade 9, Academic

Course Code: SNC1D

Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society and the environment. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

Science, Grade 9, Applied

Course Code: SNC1P

Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds; space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.

Science, Grade 10, Academic

Course Code: SNC2D

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base relations; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Science, Grade 10, Applied

Course Code: SNC2P

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: SBI3U

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course furthers students� understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: SBI4U

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: SCH3U

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: SCH4U

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: SPH3U

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course develops students� understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Physics, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: SPH4U

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Earth and Space Science, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: SES4U

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course develops students� understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and superficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth�s systems interact and how they have changed over time.

Social Sciences and Humanities

Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology, Grade 11, University Preparation

Course Code: HSP3U

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.

World Religions and Belief Traditions: Perspectives, Issues, and Challenges, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Course Code: HRT3M

Prerequisite: None

This course provides students with opportunities to explore various world religions and belief traditions. Students will develop knowledge of the terms and concepts relevant to this area of study, will examine the ways in which religions and belief traditions meet various human needs, and will learn about the relationship between belief and action. They will examine sacred writings and teachings, consider how concepts of time and place influence different religions and belief traditions, and develop research and inquiry skills related to the study of human expressions of belief.

Philosophy: Questions and Theories, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: HZT4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies

This course enables students to acquire an understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophical reasoning skills and to develop and apply their knowledge and skills while exploring specialized branches of philosophy (the course will cover at least three of the following branches: metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics). Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they formulate and evaluate arguments related to a variety of philosophical questions and theories. They will also develop research and inquiry skills related to the study and practice of philosophy.

Nutrition and Health, Grade 12, University Preparation

Course Code: HFA4U

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies

This course examines the relationships between food, energy balance, and nutritional status; the nutritional needs of individuals at different stages of life; and the role of nutrition in health and disease. Students will evaluate nutrition-related trends and will determine how food choices can promote food security and environmental responsibility. Students will learn about healthy eating, expand their repertoire of food-preparation techniques, and develop their social science research skills by investigating issues related to nutrition and health.

Technological Education

Hospitality and Tourism, Grade 11, College Preparation

Course Code: TFJ3C

Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to develop or expand knowledge and skills related to hospitality and tourism, as reflected in the various sectors of the tourism industry. Students will learn about preparing and presenting food, evaluating facilities, controlling inventory, and marketing and managing events and activities, and will investigate customer service principles and the cultural and economic forces that drive tourism trends. Students will develop an awareness of health and safety standards, environmental and societal issues, and career opportunities in the tourism industry.